Credits: Space Exploration Institute
Music Copyright: White Cube Records

The rover instrument CLUPI – CLose-UP Imager described in this page has been developed for the ESA ExoMars rover.

The scientific objectives of the ESA rover of the 2022 mission of the ExoMars Programme are to search for traces of past or present life and to characterise the near-sub surface. Both objectives require study of the rock/regolith materials in terms of structure, texture, mineralogy, and elemental and organic composition. The 2022 rover ExoMars payload consists of a suite of complementary instruments designed to reach these objectives, among which the CLose-UP Imager CLUPI.

Principal Investigator: Jean-Luc Josset, Space Exploration Institute, Neuchâtel, Switzerland

Co-Principal Investigator: Frances Westall, Centre de Biophysique Moléculaire, Orléans, France

Co-Principal Investigator: Beda Hofmann, Natural History Museum, Bern, Switzerland

CLUPI Instrument Technical Coordinator: Detlef Koschny, Science Support Office, ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands

ExoMars instrument system engineer: Frederic Haessig, Directorate of Science and Robotic Exploration, European Space Agency


Instrument operations

Because the main science objective of ExoMars concerns the search for life, whose traces on Mars are likely to be cryptic, close-up observations of the rocks and granular regolith will be critical to the decision as whether to drill and sample the nearby underlying materials. Thus, CLUPI is the essential final step in the choice of the drilling site. But not only are CLUPI’s observations of the rock outcrops important for the geological information they will provide, they also serve other purposes. CLUPI will:

  • observe the drilling area before the drilling operation, with a resolution down to 8 µm/pixel,
  • be able to observe the placement of the drill head, as well as the fines that come out of the drill hole, including any colour stratification linked to lithological changes with depth, with a resolution of 21 µm/pixel,
  • observe the drilling hole after the drilling operation, with a resolution down to 8 µm/pixel,
  • provide detailed observations of the drilled core materials when they are in the sample drawer, at a spatial resolution of 21 µm/pixel.
The CLUPI CAD model
Credit: Space Exploration Inst.

Instrument characteristics

CLUPI, the high-performance colour close-up imager on board the 2022 ESA rover plays an important role in attaining the mission objectives: it is the equivalent of the hand lens that no geologist is without when undertaking field work. CLUPI is a powerful, highly integrated miniaturized (<950g)

low-power robust imaging system, able to operate at very low temperatures (–120°C). CLUPI has a working distance from 11.5 cm to infinity, providing outstanding pictures with a color detector of 2652 x 1768 pixels. At 11.5 cm, the resolution is 8 µm/pixel in colour. The focus mechanism and the optical-mechanical interface are a smart assembly in titanium that can sustain a wide temperature range. The concept benefits from well-proven heritage: Proba, Rosetta, MarsExpress, and SMART-1 missions