SMART-1 – AMIE
SMART stands for Small Missions for Advanced Research in Technology. SMART-1 is its first edition and the first European mission to travel to and orbit around the Moon. The main technologic goal was to reach the Moon using solar-electric propulsion. Ion had been previously used as the primary propulsion system only once by NASA’s Deep Space 1 probe. In addition, to save xenon fuel, SMART-1 orbit was defined to use celestial mechanics. By passing close by massive objects, one can take advantage of the gravity to change directions. By performing short and small acceleration at specific orbit position, the increase of speed is maximized.
Advanced Moon micro-Imager Experiment – AMIE
As SMART-1 is a demonstration mission, AMIE was conceived to answer the following objectives:
AMIE is an imaging system including a digital space micro-camera equipped with a teleobjective, a system control unit, an image compression unit, power control interfaces to the spacecraft, for an impressive mass of less than 1.8kg.
55’000 pictures were taken, comprising a complete surface coverage of the Moon’s poles.